means the "Heaven and the Earth". It is, in the Orient interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, thus it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts-one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. (19 moves)

The 24 movements represent the 24 hours of the day that we learn, we connect with others, we gain insights, knowledge and wisdom. The 4 directions represent our inner compass. With it we will never lose our way. When we connect the "Jee" and the "Sang", we connect the heavens and the earth to create an invisible strength that will always live on. (24 moves)

is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C. (21 moves)

is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Ch'ang-Ho (1876-1938) who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement. (24 moves)

was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D. (28 moves)

Named after the legendary founder of Korea. The 23 movements represent the first 2 digits of the year 2333 B.C., the year assigned by the government of South Korea as the birth date of Korea. This is Grand Master Park Jung Tae's progressive interpretation of a traditional taekwon-do pattern. (23 moves)

is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584 A.D.) nicknamed the "Confucious of Korea." The 38 moves of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 degree latitude and the diagram represents "scholar". (38 moves)

is named after the patriot An Joong-Gun who assasinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part of the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in the pattern to represent Mt.An's age when he was executed at the Lui-Shung prison in 1910. (32 moves)

is the penname of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th A.D.), an authority on neo-confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degree latitude, the diagram represents "scholar". (37 moves)

is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which orginated in the Silla Dynasty about 1350 years ago. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-do developed into maturity. (29 moves)

The definition of the word Jee-Goo means "Global". The ready stance is a parallel ready stance with forearms crossed. This stance symbolizes the crossing out of the years of strife in Taekwon-do. The first movement represents breaking away from the past and reflects GrandMaster Parks desire for world peace and harmony. The 30 movements are divided into 24, 4 and 2. The number 24 represents the hours in the day, so that the thought of world peace and harmony will be with us every second. The number 4 represents the 4 directions of North, South, East and West for all people of all nations. The number 2 is demonstrated by playing the pattern twice in each direction to reaffirm our commitment to the idea of world peace and harmony. (30 moves)

was the given name to the great Admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to the invented the first armoured battleship (kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine in 1592 A.D. The reason why this pattern ends up with the left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potential checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. (30 moves)

is after the famous Gwang-Gae-To-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of the lost territory. The 39 movements refer to his reign for 39 years. (39 moves)

is the pseudonym of the loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400 A.D.) who was a famour poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram(-) represents his unerring loyalty to king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty. (36 moves)

is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram (|) represents his severe and strict military discipline. (44 moves)

is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements relate to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (|) represents his indomitable spirit displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation. (45 moves)

is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty, 15th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity. (52 moves)

is the pseudonym for the GrandMaster Park Jung Tae. Jook means a bamboo which shoots up straight-forward without any curvature, it's roots intertwining to form an inseparable force. Am is an immovable boulder from which teh bamboo plants its' roots to form an unshakable foundation. This pattern represents GrandMaster Park Jung Tae's life and his struggle for perfection. The diagram is a representation of a bamboo shooting up from the boulder. The 95 movements of this pattern symbolizes the year 1995 in which Jook-Am was created. In the history of all martial arts, this is the longest pattern ever made. (95 moves)

is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything. The philosophy is that man is the master of the world and governs his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolises the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram of the pattern traces the Chinese and Korean letter "mountain". It represents Baekdu Mountain.

is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel (between north and south Korea). (39 moves)

denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement. (33 moves)

is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, commanding general during the Silla Dynasty, who unifoed the three separate kingdoms of Korea. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D. the year Korea was united. (68 moves)

is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces during the fourteenth century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders, headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Yi Dynasty. (46 moves)

is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somun. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D., the year he forced the Dang Dynasty to quite Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 Chinese troops at Ansi Sung. (49 moves)

is named after general Ul-Ji Mun Kuk who successfully defended Korea against a Chinese invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D. Ul-Ji employed hit and run guerilla tactics and was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represents the author's age when he designed the pattern. (42 moves)

honors the 13th king of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King's Rock). According to his will, the body be placed in the sea "Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in the pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne. (61 moves)

is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyung Ung, 1520 - 1604, during the Yi Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Samung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsular in 1592. (72 moves)

is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443 A.D., and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the King, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet. (24 moves)

denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea, which has been divided since 1945. The diagram (|) symbolizes the homogenous race.

(Excerpts from Taekwon-do Encyclopedia)